History of Mughal Emperor Babur

Babur-Founder of Mughal Dynasty

Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur was the full name of  Babur

Tuzuk-i-Baburi or Baburnama these are the biography of Babur. According to these biographies, he was born on 23 February 1483 and his mother name was Qutlugh Nigam Khannum. He ascended the throne of Fergana in the age of 12 years, after the death of the father Omar Sheikh Mirza. His greatest desire was to capture Samarkand (in the modern day Uzbekistan). He soon realized that the only way to expand his kingdom and strengthen his rule was by invading and capturing the territories of the Indian subcontinent. In 1504, he conquered Kabul and thereafter he crossed the river Indus and  invaded India five times

Battle of Panipat

battle of panipat, babar

 fifth invasion led to his encounter with the Afghan sultan of Delhi, Ibrahim Lodi and this known as the First battle of Panipat in 1526. Ibrahim Lodi lost the battle and he kills Ibrahim Lodi. There are many reasons for the victory of Babur and one of the important reason for his victory was great leadership and a well-organized army as compared to  Ibrahim Lodi. Many other kings did not support Lodi due to his rude behavior. Babur has used gunpowder in the battle of Panipat, which had never been used in the subcontinent. After the victory, he was the founder and first emperor of Mughal dynasty in India.

Other Wars

After the defeated Ibrahim lodiBabur started the war against Rana Sanga and Rana Sanga was the ruler of Mewar. at the time of war, his soldiers were scared of the huge army of  Mewar. But in this battle of khanua in 1527, the Rajput and the Mughals fought near Agra and Babur won once again due to his great leadership and tactics. this war made him the ruler of central India. In 1528 he defeated the Medini Rai and captured Chanderi and a year later he defeated the Mahmud Lodi in the battle of Ghaghra in Bihar and Mahmud Lodi was the Afghan chief.

Babur was very intelligent and a great leader this types of abilities made him – the king of ‘Hindustan’ but he did not live long  and he died in Agra on 5 January 1531


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