World War 1
In twentieth-century Germany was the powerful empire, Germany fought the first world war against the Austrian empire, England, France, and Russia in (1914-1918). All joined the war by hoping to gain from a quick victory. After some time they realize that the war would stretch on and Europe almost finish of all its resource. Germany made initial gains by occupying France and Belgium. In 1917 united states entered in the war and help the Allies ( England, France, and Russia). Germany lost the war and lost its overseas colonies, most of the population, territories, and many of its iron and 26 percent of its coal to France, Poland, Denmark, and Lithuania. The power of the Allies weakens the Germany power. The war Guilt clause held Germany responsible for the war and damages the allied country suffered. Germany was forced to pay the compensation amount of 6 billion Euro. The allied armies also occupied the Rhineland in 1920. Many German held the new Weimar Republic responsible for not only the defeat in the war but the disgrace at versatile.
The Effect of the War
The war had a bad impact on the entire country both psychologically and financially and Europe turned into one of the debtors. Germany had to carried the burden of war guilt and national humiliation, and Germany had to be forced to pay the compensation. Many socialisCatholicslics and Democrats these were become an easy target to attack in the conservative nationalist circles. They were called the ‘November criminals’. This type of mindset had a major impact on the political development in 1930. The deep imprint left on European society and polity in the first world war. Soldiers were the first priority before the civilians. Men were forced by the politicians to become an Aggressive, strong and masculine. The media glorified trench life. The truth was that soldiers lived in very difficult and bad conditions, they live in the trenches. soldiers were faced the poisonous gas and enemy shelling, many soldiers lost their lives. Germany had fought the war mostly on the loans, and Germany had to pay war reparations in gold but in 1923 Germany refused to pay. french claim their coal and they occupied its leading industrial area. German print too much currency that is the fault of an economic crisis in 1923. In April 1923 the value of US dollar was 24000 marks, in Jul the value of US dollar is 353,000 marks, in August 4,621,000 marks, and in December 98,860,000 marks. This crisis of economy polity and society formed the background to Hitler rise to power and this is the beginning of second world war.